Category Archives: Academic



In each of the above scenarios, we see people of different cultures communicating with one another and how their different cultural orientations result in problems or misunderstandings in the communication. With more and more companies going global in today’s changing business environment, it is not at all uncommon to walk into an office and to find ourselves looking at a multinational multicultural workforce. In fact, this is becoming more and more the norm these days. Coupled with the easy availability of sophisticated means of long-distance communication like the email and videoconferencing facilities, today’s business environment, even if confined to your home country, will more likely place you in communication situations involving colleagues or clients whose cultures are different from yours. So, in order to succeed at the workplace today, it is important for you to develop effective intercultural communication skills.




Emotional Intelligence

Emotional intelligence
key to stress management

  • Emotional intelligence (EI) commonly known as EQ has become a wide spread interest to psychological research It was Salovey and Mayer, who first introduced the term emotional intelligence.
  • But it was popularized by Goleman with the publication of his influential book Emotional Intelligence in 1995 which appeared in the cover page of TIME magazine.
  • Earlier it was believed that people with high IQ could alone become successful in personal, academic, family and professional life.

Many people with high IQ may be productive and ambitious but found to be cold and detached. People with EQ, even with average IQ have found to be more successful because they are social, empathetic and cheerful’. IQ is mostly determined by genetics and so it can not be changed drastically. But EQ is mostly learned and people can be trained. Continue reading Emotional Intelligence

Time Management

Time Management

Many of us let the time manage us rather than managing it. Time perhaps is the most important resource ever known to the human beings. Often we wonder how nice would it be if we could recall the past time. Interestingly, this is the only resource, which is available in equal measure for everyone. However, we find many a person finishing most days behind the clock. Everyone is busy in some work or other and it looks as if no one has enough time for one’s work. As per Bill May, President of American Can Company “Time is the most valuable thing we deal with. It cannot be bought, it cannot be recaptured. It must be utilized with the highest degree of effectiveness possible”. In this context let us have a look at what the management guru said quite some time back….. Continue reading Time Management

Literature review on Forest fire as a forest management tool

Literature review on fire as a tool for forest management.

Over the past years “the view has developed that forest fires, as they occur today, are natural events which are good for forests, animals and everyone in general” according to (Caldararo , 2001). Fire is also an important disturbance agent in many forests worldwide, shaping ecosystem patterns and processes ( Shafiei et al, 2010).

According to Sweeney, 1956 and Komarek, 1964, 1974 claims that based on biological evidences forest will grow back after fires and for some species of trees and grasses they depend on fire to regenerate themselves as cited in (Caladararo , 2001).

According to Nurse et al (1994) the people of Kilum area of Cameroon use fire as a management tool at end of dry season to encourage new grass growth and to control parasites as cited in Jackson et al. It is also used as pest management as burning reduces insects like black flies and mosquito, rodents and also kills mistletoes that invaded mesquite and oak trees (Jackson et al) and the brownspot diseases that weakens and kill longleaf pine seedlings are eventually treated with fires to eliminate the diseases needles without killing the seedlings (Wade et al). Jackson et al also states that fires are also used to keep away the enemies from their hiding places. Continue reading Literature review on Forest fire as a forest management tool

Integrated Watershed Management

Integrated Watershed Management

What is a watershed?

A watershed is a basin-like landform defined by highpoints and ridgelines that descend into lower elevations and stream valleys.

A watershed carries water “shed” from the land after rain falls and snow melts. Drop by drop, water is channeled into soils, ground waters, creeks, and streams, making its way to larger rivers and eventually the sea.

The important thing about watersheds is: what we do on the land affects water quality for all communities living downstream. Continue reading Integrated Watershed Management

Avian Ecology field methods


Basic counts

Basic bird counts are a good way to estimate population size, detect changes in population size or species diversity, and determine the cause of the changes if environmental or habitat data is collected as well. Basic bird counts can be completed fairly easily and inexpensively, and they provide general information about the status of a bird population.

Birds can be directly counted on breeding colonies, and at roosts, flocks, or Leks. Large diurnal migrants, like many raptors, can be counted as they pass through migration bottlenecks. Small nocturnal migrants are harder to count, but many advances have been made in the use of radar and microphone arrays to identify and count them. Continue reading Avian Ecology field methods